Malaysia consists of two geographical regions divided by the South China Sea: the peninsular Malaysia (or West Malaysia) on the Malay Peninsula bordered by Thailand on the north and Singapore in south, and Malaysian Borneo (or East Malaysia) located on the northern part of the island of Borneo in the South China Sea, bordering Indonesia and surrounding the Sultanate of Brunei. The country shares also maritime borders with the Philippines and Vietnam.
Malaysia covers a total area of 329,847 km², making it slightly larger than Norway, or slightly larger than the U.S. state of New Mexico. Highest mountain is Mount Kinabalu with 4,095 m on the island of Borneo. Mt. Kinabalu and the surrounding Kinabalu Parkare a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
- Country Name: Federation of Malaysia
- ISO Country Code:my
- Local Time:UTC +8h
- Country Calling Code: +60
- Capital City: Kuala Lumpur(pop. 6.9 million in metropolitan area)
- Seat of Government: Putrajaya
- Other Cities: Penang, Ipoh, Malacca, Johor Baru, Kuching, Kota Kinabalu, Alor Setar, Shah Alam.
- Government Type: Federal parliamentary democracy with a constitutional monarch.
- Independence: August 1957. (Malaya, which is now peninsular Malaysia, became independent in 1957. In 1963 Malaya, Sabah, Sarawak, and Singapore formed Malaysia. Singapore became an independent country in 1965.). Constitution: 31 August 1957, amended 16 September 1963.
- Geography: Location: Southeastern Asia, partly on Malay Peninsula south of Thailand and on the northern one-third of the island of Borneo, bordering Indonesia, Brunei, and the South China Sea, south of Vietnam.
- Area: 330,000 km² (127,316 sq. mi.)
- Terrain: Coastal plains and interior, jungle-covered mountains. The South China Sea separates peninsular Malaysia from East Malaysia on Borneo.
- Climate:Tropical, annual southwest (Apr to Oct) and northeast (Oct to Feb) monsoons.
- People: Nationality: Malaysian(s).
- Population:6 million (2016)
- Ethnic groups: Malay 50%, Chinese 24%, Indigenous 11.0%, Indian 7%, non-Malaysian citizens 7 %.
- Religions: Islam (60%), Buddhism (20%), Christianity (10%), Hinduism (6%), Confucianism (2.6%), Animism (1%), others (including Taoism, Sikhism, Baha’i faith).
- Languages: Malay, Cantonese, Hokkien, Mandarin Chinese, English, Tamil, indigenous.
- Literacy: 94%.
- Natural resources:Tin, petroleum, timber, copper, iron ore, natural gas, bauxite.
- Agriculture products:Peninsular Malaysia – rubber, palm oil, cocoa, rice; Sabah – subsistence crops, rubber, timber, coconuts, rice; Sarawak – rubber, pepper; timber.
- Industries: Peninsular Malaysia – rubber and oil palm processing and manufacturing, light manufacturing industry, electronics, tin mining and smelting, logging and processing timber. Sabah – logging, petroleum production. Sarawak – agriculture processing, petroleum production and refining, logging.
- Exports – commodities:semiconductors and electronic equipment, palm oil, petroleum and liquefied natural gas, wood and wood products, palm oil, rubber, textiles, chemicals, solar panels
- Exports – partners:Singapore9%,China 13%, Japan 9.5%, US 9.4%,Thailand 5.7%, Hong Kong 4.7%, India4.1% (2015)
- Imports – commodities:electronics, machinery, petroleum products, plastics, vehicles, iron and steel products, chemicals
- Imports – partners:China8%,Singapore 12%, US 8.1%, Japan 7.8%,Thailand 6.1%, South Korea 4.5%,Indonesia 4.5% (2015)
- Currency:Malaysian Ringgit (MYR)
The Malaysian food is a multicultural affair combining Malays, Indians, Chineseand Peranakan, this is what you expect to get from a country that is such a melting pot of cultures. The fusion of these cuisines that has developed over the centuries makes Malaysian food not only colorful, spicy and eclectic – but also downright tasty .With such a pulsating diversity of food styles, Malaysia is a fabulous place to enjoy the art of eating and drinking.
Rice normally is a staple in Malaysian food, and unless you are eating roti prata or noodles, you are almost definitely to eat your meal with rice in one form or another. The rice eaten in Malaysia tends to be the local variety of rice (mainly from Kedah) or fragrant rice from Thailand.
Dining out in Malaysia is inexpensive, and the choice of food is unbelievably large, there’s Malaysian food on sale literally everywhere you turn in Malaysia, from 5-star hotels to the local restaurants and hawker centres. Eating is a national pastime in Malaysia and you’ll never be too far from some delicious food. Live to eat – it’s the mantra of Malaysia.
Top 10 Tourist Attractionsin Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia:
- Petronas Towers
- Menara KL Tower
- Batu Caves
- Sultan Abdul Samad Building
- Sunway Lagoon Theme Park
- Jalan Alor
- Aquaria KLCC
- Central Market
- Perdana Botanical Gardens
Best Things to Buy in Kuala Lumpur:
- Handicrafts and Souvenirs
- Pewter, brass and silver items
- Wood carvings and pottery
- Traditional Fabrics
- Other souvenirs
- Modern Shopping
- Branded fashion clothing
- Fashion Accessories
- Cigarettes & Liquor